The Seven Planets of the Ancient World Notes by Dr. Honora M. Finkelstein Because modern pre- Roman cultures would have had their own names for the planets based on the gods and goddesses they associated with each of the planets.
All of the planets, except for Earth, were named after Greek and Roman gods and godesses. Jupiter, Saturn, Mars, Venus and Mercury were given their names.
FREE online interactive quizzes on planets and name of gods, Astronomy quiz activities for schools & games for Planets are named after mostly Roman gods and goddesses as given below. 7, Uranus, God of the Sky & Heavens.